How to choose 3 basic types of lighting?

There are 3 basic types of lighting.

General lighting, also called ambient lighting, provides an area with overall illumination. It can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall mounted fixtures, recessed fixtures, floor lamps or table lamps. 

Task lighting helps you to perform specific tasks such as reading, cooking, homework. It can be provided by directional gimbal recessed fixtures, pedant lighting, linear lighting (tape light and extrusion), under cabinet lighting, portable lighting.

Accent lighting, also called decorate lighting, is used mainly to focus on a specific point of interest or to achieve a desired effect. This can usually be provided by track lighting, directional recessed fixtures, wall mounted fixtures.